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Khujand Dushanbe GBAO 10 Days

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Khujand is more then 3 000 years old city. 10 days trip


Day 1, Tashkent - Khujand. 130 + 70km


Transfer to Uzbek – Tajik border Oybek, meet Tajik local guide at the border then drive to Khujand (70km/ an hour drive)

Check in hotel

Khujand is the second largest city in the country. It’s also one of Tajikistan’s oldest town, founded by Alexander the Great in IV BC. The fortress was fortified by Alexander the great at IV BC and named after Alexander-Eskhata (Alexandria furthest) on the place of the present Khujand fortress (the 329 BC) and become the city of highly developed culture, important commercial and crafts centre. Commanding the entrance to the Fergana Valley and the Great Silk Road passed through Khujand from early historical backgrounds. Khujand enjoyed great prosperity and it’s riches spawned palaces, grand mosques and a citadel, before Mongols stream rolled the city into oblivion in the early XII century.

Sightseeing: Visit Historical museum of Sughd region, Eastern market Panjshanbe and mausoleum Shaykh Muslihiddin

Visit statue of Ismoili Somoni the founder of Tajik nation and Lenin statue.

Lunch in local restaurant.

Visit House museum of Tajik poet Kamoli Khujandi through walking the central Park

Drive to the Arbob palace and national teahouse.

Dinner and overnight in the hotel.


Breakfast at the hotel

Day 2, Khujand – Istaravshan – Panjakent 270km

Drive to Istarafshan city:

Istaravshan – (formerly Ura – Tyube, Urateppa) is located 81km northwest of Khujand. The town is one of the urban settlement in Central Asia, dating back to the first millennium BC. The record history of Istaravshan dates back to the VI century BC when the region was a province the Persian Empire under the Achaemenid. Scholars may recognize the region under it’s classical name of Kiropol, as described by Strasbo (Kirashata, according to Plotemy, Kurukada in Persian and Kurushkada in Sughdian languages). It was fortified by three rows of walls and the citadel was surrounded by a 6.000 m long wall. From the II – I centuries BC to the centuries AD, much of what is now Istaravshan known as Ustrushana, the capital of which was Bunjikat. It was a trading centre and I – II benefited greatly from its position as an important staging post on the commercial roads that linked the civilizations of East and West, through Khujand, Samarqand, Bukhara and the Fergana Valley. In the epoch of Arab invasion (Istaravshan became a province of the Arabian Caliphate in 822 AD) the region became a commercial and cultural centre of the medieval East. Istaravshan started to appear when Islamic architectural structures of portal-dome design such as mosques, madrasahs, mausoleums, minarets, etc.

 Istaravshan is a museum city, the ancient center of trade and crafts, one of the most ancient cities of the Central Asia. In 2002, Istaravshan turned 2,500 years old.

Sightseeing: Madrasa Kuk- Gumbaz, Old city, mosque Shohi Zinda, Mugh fortress, central Bazaar and iron artisans    

Lunch on the way

Continue driving via Shahristan Mountains, tunnel Shahriston (6km) and beautiful Zarafshon valley to Panjakent.

Arrive to Panjakent

Check in hotel

Dinner at local restaurant

Day 3, Panjakent – Iskandarkul lake 180km  


Panjakent is a town in the north of Tajikistan, located on the right bank of Zarafshon River, 60 km east of Samarqand. The Zarafshon Valley was in the ancient time known as Sughd or Sughdiana. The inhabitant of the valley were Sughdians – the direct ancestors of the modern Tajiks. In the Southern suburs of the modern Panjakent there is a site of ancient settlement, known in science under the name Ancient Panjakent, which was the capital of the same name of least last hundred years of its existence.      

It was even named "Central Asian Pompeii".

Sightseeing: Museum of Rudaki – As Penjikent is a birthplace of Abu Abdallah Rudaki, considered by many to be the father of Persian Poetry.

Ancient Penjikent - ruines of old Sogdian town founded in 5th century and abandoned in the 8th century by Arabs. Foundations of houses, a citadel with a couple of Zoroastrian fire temples and city bazaar are visible in the excavated ruins.
Sarazm settlement – 5500 years
Lunch in Panjakent.

Afternoon continue driving to Iskandarkul Lake
Arrive to Lake

Walking near the lake

Dinner and overnight in tour base

Day 4, Iskandarkul lake – Dushanbe, 160km


Iskandarkul lake:  length - 5км, width - 3,5км and depth to - 80м, located at height 2195. The heart of Fan mountains, the treasure of Tyan-Shan, a scenic Iskandarkul lake is one of the most beautiful lakes in Tajikistan. Having emerald green and blue colour. A fast flouring Iskandar-darya river flows from the lake, forming a marvelous and gorgeous waterfall, so called the “Fan Niagara” that falls from the height38 meters.

Visit Kuli Moron (Snakes Lake) and five spring

Walking near the lake. See waterfall

Lunch at the restaurant

Afternoon drive to Dushanbe via Istiqlol tunnel (5km) and Varzob valley

You will see Fan Mountains – a popular tourism and mountain climbing area in Tajikistan. There are about 100 passes in height from 3200 to5060 m(Mirali). The Fan Mountains are the highest part of Zeravshan range with 11 peaks above5,000 mwith sharp fantastical pointed forms. In the bosom of these mountains are about 30 lakes, the largest of which are Iskandarkul, and the most beautiful and picturesque, famous for the unique play of colours - Kulikalon.

Dinner in traditional restaurant (cultural show, if possible)

Overnight in hotel

Day 5, Dushanbe



Sightseeing of the Dushanbe: DUSHANBE – the capital of Tajikistan (until 1961 called Stalinabad) is located the centre of the Hissor Valley at 837 meters (2,475feet) above sea level, on junction of the Varzob and Luchob Rivers that flow together as a Dushanbinka right beneath the bridge on Ismoili Somoni Avenue. The snow – capped Hissor mountain ranga rises on the north and east of the city, and in the south, there is Kofarnihon River. The first mention of Dushanbe dates back to 1676. At the time, it was a small village on the crossroad of caravan routes connecting Hissar Valley to Samarqand and Bukhara, the Pamirs and Afghanistan. The Tajik word “Dushanbe” means Monday. The weekly bazaar was held in the village on Mondays, and that was what the place came to be called.          

Situated at the confluence of two rivers, Varzob and Kofarnihon.

Navrouz Palace

Central mosque

Tajik national antique museum,   Sleeping Budda.

Monument Somoni and park Rudaki

Lunch in local restaurant. 

Hissar fortress 30km outside of city – the remains of an 18th century fortress, occupied until 1924 is located in30 kmwest of Dushanbe. Beside the fortress there are two plain madrasahs, one dating from the 18th century and the other 19th, and beyond them is the mausoleum of 16th century (25km).

Drive to Dushanbe.

Dinner at Sharbat restaurant  

Overnight in hotel 4*

Day 6, Dushanbe – Kalai Khum  (380km) GBAO (Pamir)

Breakfast. Drive to Kalai Khum.             

In the way excursion on fortress Hulbuk - The ancient fortress and site of ancient settlement of Hulbuk is in Vose district  of Hatlon region in settlement Kurbonshaid. The huge territory in IX century between Vahshem and Pjandzhem was occupied with area of Huttal. During the most ancient period of the history of Huttal was a part of Bactria. Anybody from medieval geographers doesn't give exact geographical border of Huttal. The city of Hulbuk which has "disappeared" for any reasons after XII century was area capital at that time. Long-term archeological excavations and researches have confirmed, what exactly on this hill, in centre Hulbuk, and the palace of the local governor settled down. Original walls and ceilings have been ornated by a carving on alabaster, wall painting in the form of images of soldiers, musicians and musical instruments


Drive to Kalai Hum. This region is much more strongly Muslim and this can be seen in the conservative dress and beards. Over a mountain pass to Kalaikhum and the scenery and people change again. Here the people are Pamirs, not Tajiks, a number of separate tribal groups with their own languages. Overnight in guesthouse.


Day 7, Kalai Khum –  Khorog  240km GBAO (Pamir)


Breakfast.  Drive to Khorоg. Follow the fascinating road along the Afghan border. On the Tajik side, the road is asphalted and buildings have metal and glass in their construction. On the Afghan side, about 100m away, everything is mud, wood and donkey tracks.


Khorog is the capital of Mountainous Autonomous Badakshan Province (since 1925). It is a comparatively small city. Before the revolution there were only two kishlaks. They were connected by mountain paths. The valley in these places is very narrow, so city consists of one street. It is surrounded by gardens. Its green costume is made of apple, apricot and mulberry trees. Next to Khorog on a hill is Pamir botanical garden. Plants, trees and bushes almost from all countries of the world are gathered there. Khorog has a small but beautiful park with a lake and a stadium. Long time ago the people of this area were completely illiterate. During the Soviet period dozens of schools, libraries, technical schools, colleges began to appear. Automobile tracts which connected Pamir with the railway and the entire country were built.

 City tour: museum, botanic gardens, bazaar.

Dinner. Overnight in hotel.

Day 8, Khorog   – village Yamg (Vahan corridor)  220km GBAO (Pamir)

Breakfast. Drive to Yamg.

In the way excursion Garmchashma.

It is situated on the right shore of the river Garmchashma and upper part of the valley settlement of Garmchashma district. It takes its beginning from lime rock there is the altar, connected with the origin of the source, and which is protected with wall and  makes its way through earth and rocks, forming a pool. In the upper pool it reaches +600C, flows down on ledge cools of until +400C. The water of this source is effective during the treatment of skin disease, joint disease, rheumatism and ridiculed. There are small mountain  caves in the Eastern part of the source.

the ruby mines of Kuh-I Lal and the Pastkhuf Hill Fortress


The fortress of Kakh-Kakh and sanctuary of sanctuary of Shohi Mardon - It is situated on the bank of the river Panj, on the isolated rocky height, stretched out along the river 1km east from the settlement of lower Namadgut. The length of the fortress from West to east is 675m, from South to North-220m. it is protected by double layers of walls, fortified with 56 towers of round shapes with loopholes. The foundation of walls and towers built from west to east protected by double layers of walls, with loopholes. The entrance to the fortress is from the west side. The foundation of walls and towers build from stones, the main part of walls-are composed from land blocks. The base of the fortress refer to cushion period of the 2 century before Christ as a defensive building the fortress served until 7 century according to the legends, the emperor of this fortress was the tsar of siyohpushon kakh-kakh.

  The fortress Yamchun and the Holy spring of Bibi Fotima - The fortress and spring are situated above the village of Yamchun, on a stony inclination, in gorge and the river Yamchun. The fortress consists of two grounds; the first takes the whole part of the cliff. The distance from north to south is 450m. The wall of the fortress is fortified with 22 rounds in towers with loopholes. The second ground, from southeast side, tetragonal shape. (150*200). The fortress refers to Kushan period. It was built in 8-1 centuries Before Christ.

The house-museum of Muboraki Vakhani and his stony calendar - It is situated in the village of Yamg jamoat of Vrang. Muborake Vakhoni (1842-1902) was one the popular thinkers, well-educated and talented person. He was a philosopher, poet, musician, astronomer artificial master, religious expert, theologian-sufi. Sometimes he was called Leonardo da Vinci from Yamga. With the help of his calendar he precisely defined the day of vernal equinox (the 21st of March) Navruz (New Year)

Dinner and overnight in the guesthouse.

Day 9, Langar/ Yamg to Murghab  240km GBAO


Breakfast. Drive to Murhab

Look around Murghab

Langar/ Yamg to Murghab, (Alt 2,800, 240km 9 hours’ drive), Nayzatash pass 4,137m and Khargush Pass 4,344


Overnight in guesthouse

Day 10, Murghab  to Karakul lake, 130km GBAO, 6 hours’ drive



Start driving to Karakul Lake,  

Alt: 3, 630

Overnight in guesthouse   


Day 11, Karakul lake to Saritash, 130km GBAO, 6 hours’ drive



Drive to (alt: 3923, 15km, 6 hours Kyzylar Pass 4655m) there are various geolyphs and tomds dating back to 8th and 3nd centuries BC

Transfer to Tajik Kyrgyz border Kyzyar.

Cross border

Meet Kyrgyz local guide at the border, drive to Osh

Transfer to Hotel

Dinner and overnight in the hotel.



Service includes:
- Transport
- Full board
- Visa supports

- Accommodation:

-  Hotel 4*
- Entrances to all museums
- Mineral water during the tour

- English speaker guides


Service does not include:
- Visas
- Single rooms
- Early check-in
- Travel insurance



Academicians Rajabovs 59,

Khujand, Tajikistan

Postal: 735700


Phone: +99292 7704258

Mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Web: qalai-khujand.tj


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